At least 48 people have been killed and many others injured in ethnic violence in Darfur. The violence comes less than a week after a peace deal between the government and rebel groups in the troubled region. After signing the Juba peace agreement on 31 August, Sudan is looking to a better future, an important first step in bringing peace to conflict zones and laying the foundations for democratic transition and economic reforms across the country. The Sudanese government and rebel groups reached a peace deal on Saturday aimed at ending decades of war that have left hundreds of thousands dead. The final comprehensive agreement was signed on 9 January 2005 and marked the start of implementation work. If the Juba peace agreement is properly implemented, the Juba Peace Agreement is an important first step towards creating a “new Sudan” based on peace, equal citizenship and social justice. The main test of whether Sudan can finally reverse the trend is whether signatory movements and other revolutionary forces can unite to give the victims of the Sudanese conflicts the peace dividend and support inclusion instead of tribalism and narrow political affiliation; If the remaining armed movements are ready to enter into serious negotiations for a comprehensive peace; and if Sudan now receives the support and attention it deserves from the international community. Of course, Sudan has already gone too far to pass up this historic opportunity. The peace agreement brings the rebels to the transitional government. Implementation of the peace agreement on the ground will face many other challenges, given the fragility of a civil-military transitional government, mistrust and competition between signatory movements and certain political parties, as well as growing insecurity in many parts of the country, caused by armed militias, inter-tribe violence, inter-tribe violence , the proliferation of weapons and sabotage by elements of the former regime. There will probably also be opposition from groups such as illegal settlers, who see their interests threatened. CAIRO – Leaders of Sudan`s interim government and a number of rebel groups signed a peace agreement Saturday in Juba, South Sudan`s capital, that observers hope will end nearly two decades of conflict in war-torn areas, including Darfur.
The agreement, which is due to be formally signed in early October, was hailed by the UN Secretary-General as a “historic achievement” and the international community also praised the Government of South Sudan for its positive role as a mediator and invited the group to join the peace process. Much depends on the implementation of the agreement and the experience of implementing the peace agreements in Sudan has been dismal, especially when it comes to bringing tangible benefits to the local population. Given the economic mismanagement of the Bashir regime, COVID-19 and the unprecedented floods, the search for resources to implement the peace agreement far exceeds the resources of the solvent Sudanese government.